古时，茶叶是用来救命的 In ancient times, tea was used to save lives
In ancient times, tea was used to save lives
In China, from emperors, generals, literati, and literati, to traffickers and pawns, and common people, drinking tea is a blessing. People often say that "seven things to open the door, firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce, vinegar and tea" can also be seen in the lives of people from all walks of life.
When talking about the origin of tea, people often quote the legend that "Shennong tastes a hundred herbs, meets 72 poisons in a day, and gets rid of tea (tea)". In order to treat people's diseases, Shennong often goes to the deep mountains to collect herbs. Not only do you have to travel a lot, but you also have to personally try the collected herbal medicines to experience and identify the functions of herbal medicines. One day, he tasted a kind of poisonous grass in the medicine, and felt his mouth numb and dizzy. So he hurriedly found a tree to sit down and closed his eyes to rest. At this time, a gust of wind blew a few leaves with a fragrant fragrance. Shennong picked up two of them and chewed in his mouth. He didn't want to taste a fragrant fragrance. He felt fluid under his tongue and refreshed. The discomfort just disappeared. After careful observation, he found that the leaf shape and veins of this kind of leaves were different from those of ordinary trees, so he collected some and took them back for detailed study, and later named it "tea". This legend implies that tea has medicinal functions when it was first discovered.
In ancient Chinese books, the earliest record of medicinal tea prescriptions is the "Guang Ya" written by Zhang Yi during the Three Kingdoms period, which states: "Picked tea between Jingba and made cakes made with rice paste. If you drink, first burn it to make red... Drinking sober makes people sleepless.” By the Tang and Song Dynasties, herbal teas had also developed into single prescriptions and compound prescriptions, and compound prescriptions were used more than single prescriptions. The method of administration has also been enriched from the original single method of cooking and drinking into blending, pills, powders, etc. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the application scope and production methods of herbal teas were constantly updated and enriched, and the prescriptions for tea therapy were even more abundant. The scope of application was almost all over internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, ENT, dermatology, orthopedics and health care, etc. On the other hand, the dosage form of medicated tea has also been further developed into powders, pills, granules, and medicines in place of tea. There are various ways to take them, including drinking, mixing, kimono, gargle, rubbing, painting, smearing, smoking, etc. . At this time, a large number of effective tea therapy prescriptions are widely used, such as afternoon tea, wolfberry tea, ginger tea, eight immortal tea, pearl tea and so on.
Regarding the medicinal effects of tea, the first pharmacological monograph "Shen Nong's Materia Medica" written in the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period is recorded. The herbalists and medical scientists of all generations have used tea as a good medicine for preventing and curing diseases and maintaining health. "Book of Medicine", "Hua Tuo Shi Lun", "Tea Book" and so on have recorded more than 20 effects of tea, such as quenching thirst, refreshing, digesting food, diuresis, treating asthma, improving eyesight and thinking, reducing inflammation and detoxification, and prolonging life. Chen Zangqi, a great medical scientist in the Tang Dynasty, even stated in "Materia Medica Supplements" that "all medicines are the medicine for every disease, and tea is the medicine for all diseases", almost deifying the medicinal value of tea.
While tea is used as medicine, it is also widely used as edible. During the Three Kingdoms period, Zhang Yi referred to drinking tea as "cooked tea" in his "Guang Ya"; in the Western Jin Dynasty, Fu Xian mentioned tea in "Si Li Jiao" and called it "tea porridge", reflecting the people of the Wei and Jin dynasties. The fresh leaves of the tea are picked for cooking, and seasoned with rice, oil, salt, ginger, green onions, peppers, red dates, orange peel, and mint. "Boiling tea is like cooking, and eating tea is like eating vegetables." The habit of "warm drinking" of tea has therefore continued to this day. Many ethnic groups in my country have similar habits, such as milk tea in Inner Mongolia and butter tea in Xinjiang. The famous line of Bai Juyi's "Pipa Xing" "businessmen value profit rather than parting, buy tea from Fuliang the previous month", which shows that the tea business has been quite common in the Tang Dynasty. The familiar method of brewing with boiled water without any condiments, that is, "clear drinking", appeared in the Ming Dynasty and gradually became popular among the people, especially the literati, and became one of the main ways of drinking tea in China.
However, even if it is used as a drink, the medicinal function of tea has not been annihilated. The tea therapy prescriptions invented by taking its medicinal effects in Chinese medicine are very versatile. With the intervention of modern medicine, relevant researches continue to confirm the health benefits of tea. Because of the health benefits of its three antibodies (anti-tumor, anti-radiation, and anti-oxidation) and three-lowering (lowering blood fat, lowering blood pressure, and lowering blood sugar), it is even more popular. The west is called "the magical oriental leaves", and it has taken the world by storm. The World Health Organization investigated the pros and cons of beverages in many countries, and finally came up with the statement that "tea is the best beverage for middle-aged and elderly people".